pan etymology greek

“It was also the god of herdsmen and … pan-. In the “Metamorphoses,” Ovid recounts both Pan’s pursuit of Syrinx and his musical contest with Apollo. As a reward the king of the gods placed him amongst the stars as the Constellation Capricorn. To this day, the feeling bears the name of the rustic god: panic. Once Syrinx reached the river Ladon, she realized that she could go no further, so she started praying to the river-nymphs to save her. [25], This myth reflects the folk etymology that equates Pan's name (Πάν) with the Greek word for "all" (πᾶν). pantisocracy (s) ( noun ) , pantisocracies (pl) A form of social organization in which all of the people are equal in rank and social position. He of course saw the Latin shining through, while I was reminded of some of the forms of the Greek "pas," such as "panta" and "panto" as in "panta ta ethne," or "all peoples." One of Seddon's successors, however, was less appreciative of the pagan festival and put an end to it in 1950, when he had Pan's statue buried. 78, Pan is associated with a mother goddess, perhaps Rhea or Cybele; Pindar refers to virgins worshipping Cybele and Pan near the poet's house in Boeotia.The parentage of Pan is unclear; in some myths he is the son of Zeus, though generally he is the son of Hermes or Dionysus, with whom his mother is said to be a nymph, sometimes Dryope or, in No… Appearance of Pan One of my friends and myself were having a debate over the true origin of the prefix "pan." In 1933, the Egyptologist Margaret Murray published the book, The God of the Witches, in which she theorised that Pan was merely one form of a horned god who was worshipped across Europe by a witch-cult. His father was usually As Echo was cursed by Hera to only be able to repeat words that had been said by someone else, she could not speak for herself. Pan ruled over the Shepherds and the Flocks. Aeronautical engineer and occultist Jack Parsons invoked Pan before test launches at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Not fully human in form, his legs are that of a goat and he has horns sprouting from his head. During the reign of Tiberius (14–37 CE), the news of Pan's death came to one Thamus, a sailor on his way to Italy by way of the island of Paxi. To this effect, Chesterton claimed, "It is said truly in a sense that Pan died because Christ was born. The slang term pan meaning face occurs chiefly in phrases such as ugly pan and smack in the pan, suggesting that is not very complimentary. Apollo would not suffer such a depraved pair of ears any longer and turned Midas' ears into those of a donkey. [4], Many modern scholars consider Pan to be derived from the reconstructed Proto-Indo-European god *Péh2usōn, whom they believe to have been an important pastoral deity[6] (*Péh2usōn shares an origin with the modern English word "pasture"). A beautiful nymph, Syrinx was a follower of Artemis, which means that she valued her chastity above all things in life. Pan’s homeland – and the main seat of his worship – was Arcadia, the mountainous, wild, and rustic central region of Peloponnese. n pan A broad shallow vessel of tin, iron, or other metal, used for various domestic purposes: as, a frying-pan; a saucepan; a milk-pan. Pan (Πάν) is the Greek God of Nature, forests, woodlands, fields, groves, the wild, the mountain wilds, animals, rustic music, fertility, sexual plunge, shepherds and flocks.1 1 Family 2 In Mythology 2.1 Origin of Panic 2.2 Syrinx and the Shepherd's Pipes 2.3 Source Text 3 Gallery 4 References Pan is the son of Hermes and … [10] [9] [11] The prefix pan- comes from the Ancient Greek word for "all, every", πᾶν ; omni- comes from the Latin word for "all", omnis . Arthur Machen's 1894 novella The Great God Pan uses the god's name in a simile about the whole world being revealed as it really is: "seeing the Great God Pan". [34], Women who had had sexual relations with several men were referred to as "Pan girls."[35]. [3] The word panic ultimately derives from the god's name. pan - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. As the Egyptian sailor Thamus was sailing along the western coast of Greece in the first years of the Christian era, he heard a divine voice claiming that “the great god Pan is dead.” If true, this would make Pan one of the very few Greek gods – if not the only one – to actually die. In ancient Greek religion and mythology, Pan (/pæn/;[1] Ancient Greek: Πάν, romanized: Pán) is the god of the wild, shepherds and flocks, nature of mountain wilds, rustic music and impromptus, and companion of the nymphs. Possibly due to a name-confusion error, even early authors sometimes make him the son of Odysseus’ wife, typically keeping Hermes as his father, but sometimes swapping him for Apollo. The connection between Pan and Pushan was first identified in 1924 by the German scholar Hermann Collitz. Here the god spent most of his days wandering the forests, playing haunting melodies on his pipes, chasing nymphs, and taking naps in secluded places during the heat of the noontide. [24] According to Robert Graves, his mother was called Oeneis, a nymph who consorted with Hermes. The tradition died out in the 1830s, but was revived in 1885 by the new vicar, W. H. Seddon, who mistakenly believed that the festival had been ancient in origin. Greek god of shepherds and flocks, woods and fields, with upper body of a man and horns and lower part like a goat, late 14c., from Latin, from Greek Pan. Pan once had the audacity to compare his music with that of Apollo, and to challenge Apollo, the god of the lyre, to a trial of skill. In Zeus' battle with Typhon, Aegipan and Hermes stole back Zeus' "sinews" that Typhon had hidden away in the Corycian Cave. Diogenes of Sinope, speaking in jest, related a myth of Pan learning masturbation from his father, Hermes, and teaching the habit to shepherds. The British writer and editor Mark Beech of Egaeus Press published in 2015 the limited-edition anthology Soliloquy for Pan[61] which includes essays and poems such as "The Rebirthing of Pan" by Adrian Eckersley, "Pan's Pipes" by Robert Louis Stevenson, "Pan with Us" by Robert Frost, and "The Death of Pan" by Lord Dunsany. Pan is also featured as a prominent character in Tom Robbins' Jitterbug Perfume (1984). The real participant in the story was Aigipan: the god Pan, that is to say. Ever since then, he was rarely seen without the instrument. Henceforth Pan was seldom seen without it. "Pan is represented pouring water upon the organ of generation; that is, invigorating the active creative power by the prolific element. These are often referred to as the Cave of Pan. Echo was torn to pieces and spread all over earth. The constellation Capricornus is traditionally depicted as a sea-goat, a goat with a fish's tail (see "Goatlike" Aigaion called Briareos, one of the Hecatonchires). '"[57], In the late 19th century Pan became an increasingly common figure in literature and art. For example, Robert Graves (The Greek Myths) reported a suggestion that had been made by Salomon Reinach[48] and expanded by James S. Van Teslaar[49] that the sailors actually heard the excited shouts of the worshipers of Tammuz, Thamus Panmegas tethneke, "All-great Tammuz is dead! In the 18th and 19th centuries, Pan became a significant figure in the Romantic movement of western Europe and also in the 20th-century Neopagan movement. In the Battle of Marathon (490 BC), it is said that Pan favored the Athenians and so inspired panic in the hearts of their enemies, the Persians. He is associated with nature, wooded areas and pasturelands, from which his name is derived. The worship of Pan began in rustic areas far from the populated city centers, and therefore, he did not have large temples built to worship him. He did complete one pretty admirable conquest, though: that of Selene, the moon goddess, whom he tricked by wrapping himself in sheepskin and luring her into the woods as she was riding her silver chariot through the night. The name Panacea comes directly from the name of one of the daughters of Aesculapius, The Greek god of healing. Pan also loved a nymph named Pitys, who was turned into a pine tree to escape him. In Wicca, the archetype of the Horned God is highly important, as represented by such deities as the Celtic Cernunnos, Hindu Pashupati, and Greek Pan. “From his birth,” sings the poet of “The Homeric Hymn to Pan,” he “was marvelous to look upon, with goat's feet and two horns – a noisy, merry-laughing child.” This feeling, however, wasn’t shared by his nurse, who fled and left Pan the very moment she saw his uncouth goat-horned face and full beard. word-forming element meaning "all, every, whole, all-inclusive," from Greek pan-, combining form of pas (neuter pan, masculine and neuter genitive pantos) "all," from PIE *pant- "all" (with derivatives found only in Greek and Tocharian). Nymphs weren’t too happy with his looks either and, as much as Pan loved them, they almost never loved him back. Later speculations, according to which Pan is the same as τὸ πᾶν (to pan), or the … Pan . He was believed to dwell in the mountains and forests of Greece and was considered the patron of shepherds, hence one of his attributes is the lagobolon - a hare trap. Who is Pan (mythology)? [31][32] Following the Titans' assault on Olympus, Pan claimed credit for the victory of the gods because he had frightened the attackers. [7] The Rigvedic god Pushan is believed to be a cognate of Pan. [62] This theory influenced the Neopagan notion of the Horned God, as an archetype of male virility and sexuality. English word pandemic comes from Ancient Greek πᾶν (pan - all) and δῆμος (dēmos - people), and it reached English with the meaning "prevalent over the whole world" through Latin in the mid 17th century. How to use pan in a sentence. The rabbi discovered that the root word ‘pan’ referred to a specific pagan deity. "[55], In the English town of Painswick in Gloucestershire, a group of 18th-century gentry, led by Benjamin Hyett, organised an annual procession dedicated to Pan, during which a statue of the deity was held aloft, and people shouted 'Highgates! Echo wasted away, but her voice could still be heard in caves and other such similar places. Pan definition is - a usually broad, shallow, and open container for domestic use (as for cooking). A divine voice hailed him across the salt water, "Thamus, are you there? In some versions, Echo and Pan had two children: Iambe and Iynx. [21] Apollodorus records two distinct divinities named Pan; one who was the son of Hermes and Penelope, and the other who had Zeus and a nymph named Hybris for his parents, and was the mentor of Apollo. Hyett also erected temples and follies to Pan in the gardens of his house and a "Pan's lodge", located over Painswick Valley. Which Thamus did, and the news was greeted from shore with groans and laments. This ROOT-WORD is PAN which means ALL.It is the most comprehensive ALL that can be used. However, even though he wasn’t at all picky when it came to women, he was just too odd and unattractive to be loved back by them. The goddess of the earth, Gaia, received the pieces of Echo, whose voice remains repeating the last words of others. pan, masculine and neuter genitive pantos) all, of unknown origin. The Myth of Pan The story of Pan is featured in the book entitled "A Hand-Book of Greek and Roman Mythology. Aegipan, literally "goat-Pan," was a Pan who was fully goatlike, rather than half-goat and half-man. Syrinx was a lovely wood-nymph of Arcadia, daughter of Ladon, the river-god. Disturbed in his secluded afternoon naps, Pan's angry shout inspired panic (panikon deima) in lonely places. One of them, Syrinx, chose to be transformed into marsh reeds to save herself from Pan’s advances. He accomplished this by wrapping himself in a sheepskin[36] to hide his hairy black goat form, and drew her down from the sky into the forest where he seduced her. Pan (Ancient Greek: Πάν), was the son of Hermes and one of three women: the nymph Dryope, the goddess Hecate, and the heroine Penelopeia .He was the rustic god of wildlife, shepherds and flocks, nature of mountain wilds and rustic music. The mother of Aegipan, Aix (the goat), was perhaps associated with the constellation Capra. [30] Pan aided his foster-brother in the battle with the Titans by letting out a horrible screech and scattering them in terror. For example, William Hansen[51] has shown that the story is quite similar to a class of widely known tales known as Fairies Send a Message. [23] Other sources (Duris of Samos; the Vergilian commentator Servius) report that Penelope slept with all 108 suitors in Odysseus' absence, and gave birth to Pan as a result. ^ "Pan" (Greek mythology) entry in Collins English Dictionary. Patricia Merivale states that between 1890 and 1926 there was an "astonishing resurgence of interest in the Pan motif". He makes a brief appearance to help the Rat and Mole recover the Otter's lost son Portly. Login with Facebook Ancient Greek god of the wilds, shepherds, and flocks, God of nature, the wild, shepherds, flocks, of mountain wilds, and is often associated with sexuality, Edwin L. Brown, "The Lycidas of Theocritus, In the second-century "Hieronyman Theogony', which harmonized, Pan "even boasted that he had slept with every maenad that ever was—to facilitate that extraordinary feat, he could be multiplied into a whole brotherhood of Pans. Definition of PAN in the Definitions.net dictionary. Richard Payne Knight discussed Pan in his Discourse on the Worship of Priapus (1786) as a symbol of creation expressed through sexuality. ; n pan An open vessel used in the arts and manufactures for boiling, evaporating, etc. Pan was depicted as a man with the horns, legs … A modern account of several purported meetings with Pan is given by Robert Ogilvie Crombie in The Findhorn Garden (Harper & Row, 1975) and The Magic of Findhorn (Harper & Row, 1975). Grahame's Pan, unnamed but clearly recognisable, is a powerful but secretive nature-god, protector of animals, who casts a spell of forgetfulness on all those he helps. Douglas Bush notes, 'The goat-god, the tutelary divinity of shepherds, had long been allegorized on various levels, from Christ to "Universall Nature" (Sandys); here he becomes the symbol of the romantic imagination, of supra-mortal knowledge. Another … Born in Arcadia to Hermes and a Dryad, Pan was a precocious child whose goat’s feet and horned head delighted gods, but startled mortals. Tmolus, the mountain-god, was chosen to umpire. prefix meaning all, whole, all inclusive, from Gk. The Myths and Legends of Ancient Greece and Rome" by E.M. Berens, published in 1894 by Maynard, Merrill, & Co., New York. prefix meaning all, whole, all inclusive, from Gk. What does PAN mean? In other versions, Pan had fallen in love with Echo, but she scorned the love of any man but was enraptured by Narcissus. Nomios' mother was Penelope (not the same as the wife of Odysseus). Due to the word "all" in Greek also being "pan," a pun was made that "all demons" had perished. Definition of Pan (mythology). And Echo was too infatuated with Narcisse to even notice the advances of the pastoral god. pan , combining form of pas (neut. Etymology: < Middle French, French panique (adjective) (of fear) sudden, wild (1534 in Rabelais in terreur Panice), of or relating to the god Pan (1546 in Rabelais) < Hellenistic Greek πανικός (adjective) of or for Pan, (of fear) groundless, also πανικόν panic terror, a panic, use as noun of neuter singular of πανικός. Pan was the inventor of a musical instrument – called the panpipes or syrinx – which he learned to play so well that he even ended up challenging Apollo himself to a musical contest; unsurprisingly, he lost. [11], In his earliest appearance in literature, Pindar's Pythian Ode iii. Thus, the god created the first set of panpipes, which, in remembrance of his lost love, he chose to name syrinx. Etymology: folk etymology which indicates that it is derived from Greek pan-, "all" + ther, "beast of prey". As she was returning from the hunt one day, Pan met her. The cry "Great Pan is dead" has appealed to poets, such as John Milton, in his ecstatic celebration of Christian peace, On the Morning of Christ's Nativity line 89,[52] and Elizabeth Barrett Browning.[53]. [8][9] The familiar form of the name Pan is contracted from earlier Παων, derived from the root *peh2- (guard, watch over). Possibly from an Indo-European root meaning "shepherd, protector".In Greek mythology Pan was a half-man, half-goat god associated with shepherds, flocks and pastures. His name originates within the Greek language, from the word paein, meaning "to pasture." Van Teslaar explains, "[i]n its true form the phrase would have probably carried no meaning to those on board who must have been unfamiliar with the worship of Tammuz which was a transplanted, and for those parts, therefore, an exotic custom. Associated with music and its magical powers he is credited with inventin… The Sybarite Pan was conceived when a Sybarite shepherd boy named Krathis copulated with a pretty she-goat amongst his herds. In his earliest appearance in literature, Pindar's Pythian Ode iii. With his homeland in rustic Arcadia, he is also recognized as the god of fields, groves, wooded glens and often affiliated with sex; because of this, Pan is connected to fertility and the season of spring. Used as the capital of Hell in 'Paradise Lost', a poem by John Milton papier-mache - French meaning 'chewed paper' vandal - Latin, meaning a member of a Germanic people that sacked Rome in 455 AD To his amazement, the sigh shook the grass-like plants he held in his embrace and they, in turn, gave off a beautiful melody. [17][18][19][20] In some early sources such as Pindar, his father is Apollo via Penelope. Kathleen M. Swaim, "'Mighty Pan': Tradition and an Image in Milton's Nativity 'Hymn'". “Did you know that the Greek ‘pan’ was once believed to derive from a polytheistic deity named Pan? Check out Plutarch’s “The Uselessness of Oracles” if you want to read more about the proclamation of Pan’s possible death. Both were the sons of Hermes, Agreus' mother being the nymph Sose, a prophetess: he inherited his mother's gift of prophecy, and was also a skilled hunter. [12], The worship of Pan began in Arcadia which was always the principal seat of his worship. Commonly used as a prefix in Greek, in modern times often with nationality names, the first… Etymology In the Homeric Hymn to Hermes , it is claimed that Πάν ( Pán ) derives from πᾶν ( pân ) , neuter nominative singular of πᾶς ( pâs , “ every ” ) … The Myth of Pan - the Magical World of Myth & Legend Part man and part goat, Pan was the god of wild groves, shepherds, and flocks. n pan In metallurgy, a pan … Like other nature spirits, Pan appears to be older than the Olympians, if it is true that he gave Artemis her hunting dogs and taught the secret of prophecy to Apollo. "[50] Certainly, when Pausanias toured Greece about a century after Plutarch, he found Pan's shrines, sacred caves and sacred mountains still very much frequented. When the Olympians fled from the monstrous giant Typhoeus and hid themselves in animal form, Aegipan assumed the form of a fish-tailed goat. According to the Greek historian Plutarch (in De defectu oraculorum, "The Obsolescence of Oracles"),[42] Pan is the only Greek god who actually dies. Kerenyi (p. 174) notes from scholia that Aeschylus in Rhesus distinguished between two Pans, one the son of Zeus and twin of Arcas, and one a son of Cronus. Pan's consorts were Syrinx, Echo, Pitys and Selene. Although the god does not appear within the story, his energy certainly invokes the younger folk of the village to revel in the summer twilight, and the vicar of the village is the only person worried about the revival of worship for the old pagan god. : as, a sugar-pan; a salt-pan. However, a naturalistic explanation might not be needed. Pan's symbols were the Goat and the Panpipes. The only exceptions are the Temple of Pan on the Neda River gorge in the southwestern Peloponnese – the ruins of which survive to this day – and the Temple of Pan at Apollonopolis Magna in ancient Egypt. It is almost as true in another sense that men knew that Christ was born because Pan was already dead. Meaning of Pan (mythology)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pan_(god)&oldid=992854719, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles having different image on Wikidata and Wikipedia, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, All articles that may contain original research, Articles that may contain original research from July 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2015, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 13:33. pan , combining form of pas (neut. Pandemic detailed word origin explanation. Part man and part goat, Pan was the god of wild groves, shepherds, and flocks. One of the famous myths of Pan involves the origin of his pan flute, fashioned from lengths of hollow reed. Pan could be multiplied into a swarm of Pans, and even be given individual names, as in Nonnus' Dionysiaca, where the god Pan had twelve sons that helped Dionysus in his war against the Indians. Some of the detailed illustrated depictions of Pan included in the volume are by the artists Giorgio Ghisi, Sir James Thornhill, Bernard Picart, Agostino Veneziano, Vincenzo Cartari, and Giovanni Battista Tiepolo. The great god of flocks and shepherds among the Greeks; his name is probably connected with the verb πάω (paō), Latin pasco (graze, forage), so that his name and character are perfectly in accordance with each other. Gods tend to see things differently from mere mortals, so it should surprise nobody that, once Hermes wrapped Pan in warm skins of mountain hares and brought him before the Olympians, “all the immortals were glad in heart.” In fact, since “Pan” means “all” in Ancient Greek, it was believed that the origin of Pan’s name could be traced back to this event. Arcadia was a district of mountain people, culturally separated from other Greeks. Pan might be multiplied as the Pans (Burkert 1985, III.3.2; Ruck and Staples, 1994, p. 132[29]) or the Paniskoi. Highgates!" πιός Asklēpiós [asklɛːpiós]; Latin: Aesculapius) or Hepius is a hero and god of medicine in ancient Greek religion and mythology.He is the son of Apollo and Coronis, or Arsinoe, or of Apollo alone.Asclepius represents the healing aspect of the medical arts; his daughters … , daughter of Ladon, the name of the gods placed him amongst the stars as Constellation. Hymn to Pan ” tells of Pan ’ s pursuit of Syrinx and his contest. 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[ 62 ] this theory influenced the Neopagan notion of the famous myths of Pan in the 19th... From Greek mythology ) entry in Collins English dictionary angered Pan, nymph... Neopagan notion of the mythological stories about Pan are actually about nomios, not the same as the Capra! Named Pan the Titans by letting out a horrible screech and scattering them terror...

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