Livestock Series| Management by N ... timothy, orchard grass, brome, and ryegrass predominate in horse pastures and hay fields. The warm season grasses (native grasses such as blue grama, sideoats grama, switchgrass, etc.) For hays with higher NSC levels you can soak the hay for 15 to 60 minutes to reduce the sugar levels. However, good quality ‘prime’ lucerne hay can contain 20% NSC, often as pectin which is a safe form of carbohydrate. Once hay is cut, it will ‘sweat up’ for approximately two to three weeks. Soaking all hay for ‘cresty’ ponies with a high risk of elevated blood insulin (IR), which is likely to trigger laminitis, is essential. Download Spec Sheet Elunaria Annual Ryegrass – A Westerworld type annual grass suitable for hay, haylage or pasture. Fermentation of starch can lead to production of lactic acid, which can disrupt the carefully balanced microbial population of the hindgut. If you have a horse that is susceptible to laminitis, it is always best to restrict the amount of fresh grass they consume, so you are on the right track. In order to know the true NSC value of your hay you will have to test it, but understanding the factors that affect NSC levels will help you pick hay that is more likely to meet your horse’s needs. When you test your hay you get not only the NSC value but other nutrient levels as well. Learn more about selecting hay and getting hay tested. If you suspect your horse is foundering again then call your veterinarian immediately. The peak sugar content is just before/at sundown. “Of course, there are always exceptions, but generally the more mature the grass, the lower the NSC or at least the lower the calories. Purina Enrich per feeding and a scoop of StressDex electrolyte. Most of the them have an NSC value of 12% or less, which is appropriate. It is the only way to determine the actual nutrient content of the hay. content (12-14%) than hay, making it much more equal to grass in nutrient value. Appreciate the info. Insulin resistant (IR) horses and previously foundered horses should consume feed and hay that have an NSC value of 10% or less. If your horse is an easy keeper, then a vitamin and mineral pellet alone can meet his nutrient requirements without adding unnecessary extra calories or sugar. They are not intended to treat or cure illness or injury. So when is the best time to harvest? types of grasses and hays, and the content varies immensely. How to Stop Sweet Itch (Summer Itch) From Driving You and Your Horse Crazy! Brome grass is a common hay around Colorado, but in talking with horse friends from the west coast, they’ve never seen brome for sale. If we look at the amount of CarbCare you are feeding, 2 pounds per day, and compare that amount to the manufacturer’s recommended minimum, which is 4 pounds (for a 1,100 lb horse), 2 pounds of CarbCare is not providing the required vitamins and minerals your horse needs. Start to add your alternative fiber source into the diet slowly, before you run out of hay. This fodder needs to be available to the horse all the time. To find out more about the specific grasses in your pasture, contact your local Ag Extension agent or the Animal Science program at the University of Florida in Gainesville. Grass hays tend to have more sugar if they grow in the winter versus those, like coastal bermuda grass, that grow in the summer. Once you receive your results, if you have any problems understanding them don’t hesitate to contact the lab or your local extension office for help. Timothy is about the best "single" hay, in that it's higher in fiber, has a bit less sugar. As long as you feeding an adequate amount of fiber, and some long hay (recommendations range for 25% to 50%) along with cubes or pellets, your horse will probably do fine. Shedded hay contains an almost similar content of NSC and sugars as compared with new season’s hay. Once grass is cut and dried for hay, vitamins quickly lose their potency. The plant uses this sugars to 'grow', the growing happens all day (with the right conditions, naturally). That is 15 to 20 lbs for a 1,000 lb horse. All Rights Reserved. Analysis of the hay/pasture is essential for the proper management of diets for PSSM horses. Main content Content HAY CHART Home > Care Guide > Diet > Hay > Hay Chart . Let them sit for 30 minutes, or until all of the water is absorbed, because it makes them easier to chew. If your horse has insulin resistance (IR), lack of exercise increases insulin dysregulation, thereby increasing the risk of laminitis. As a last resort, up to 30% of the sugar content can be flushed from most grasses by soaking in water (60 minutes in cold water and 30 minutes in hot water). Concentrate portion: Legends CarbCare Show & Pleasure StressDex is 73% sugar and only 1.9% salt. This is particularly true for natural vitamin E. Depending on the area you live in, your hay may also lack some of the minerals your horse needs to remain healthy. Of particular import is NSC content. Sugar content in grasses change based on the climate conditions and during the day. Just to clarify, your horse has PPID (Cushing’s disease) but he is not sugar sensitive (insulin resistant), is that correct? Fructans, on the other hand, are fermented in the large intestine, and their absorption has a less significant response on glycemic response but can affect the pH of the hindgut. To fill in the gaps in your horse’s diet we recommend you supplement with a well-balanced vitamin and mineral supplement like Micro-Phase https://kppusa.com/product/micro-phase. An ideal hay for easy keepers will be in the higher end of these ranges. Starch is a complex polysaccharide carbohydrate that is preferentially digested in the small intestine. Gets no treats 4 large flakes of hay 2x day, 1pd feed 2x day 1 once remission 1x day. This makes it more fragrant, greener and more palatable. Should We Cut Hay In The Morning Or Afternoon? All horses need fiber in their diet and some of it must be the form of long hay. Monitor your horse’s weight and adjust the amount fed accordingly. Don’t let your horse drink the soaking water as it is high in sugar. (updated 2019). However what other values should I be looking at. In some horses, overconsumption of fructans is thought to have a role in the onset of laminitis. Horses Prone to Equine Metabolic Syndrome (EMS) and Cushing’s Disease (PPID), Grazing Management for Horses with Metabolic Syndrome, “The folks at KPP are so very helpful and informative…and that keeps me coming back.”, https://kppusa.com/2018/09/05/targeted-solutions-for-equine-metabolic-syndrome-ems-and-cushings-disease-ppid, https://kppusa.com/2018/02/09/picking-hay-sugarstarch-sensitive-horses, https://kppusa.com/product/elevate-maintenance-powder, https://kppusa.com/2014/12/19/beet-pulp-super-hero-fibers, https://standleeforage.com/nutrition/nutritional-papers/low-carb-forage-options, https://www.triplecrownfeed.com/products/safe-starch-forage, https://www.triplecrownfeed.com/products/grass-forage, https://kppusa.com/product/summer-games-electrolyte/, Hay! HORSE HAY Sugar Content in Feed & Forage Affects Horses' Health CSU 01818 No “Low Carb” hay Low sugar hay <10% sugars as WSC (Water Soluble Carbohydrates) Potassium (K) Watch fertilizer practices Species of grasses and legumes All are okay Feed appropriately Nutrients to match activity Beet Tops (Sugar) 20 Beef Magazine 2009 Bermuda grass (hay) 63.3 UC Cooperative Extension 2009 Bermuda grass (seed screenings) 91.4 94.3 87.9 UC Cooperative Extension 2009 Bermuda Grass Hay 93.1 94.4 91.8 Dairy One Bermuda Grass Silage 38.6 50.3 26.8 Dairy One Bermudagrass Coastal Dehydrated 90 Beef Magazine 2009 Plan on a switchover period of 10 to 14 days. I muzzle him most days- depending on the weather. Ask your veterinarian to rule out advanced arthritis with radio graphs and flexion tests. Additional vitamin E, up to 3,000 IU per day, is beneficial for horses struggling with PPID. The way a horse utilizes sugar and starch is actually in a negative way in excess. Horse Hay: Understanding Sugar and Starch Content, Possible Link Between Selenium and Cribbing in Horses, Hot Blood, Warm Blood, Cold Blood in Horses. Hays can vary in nutritional content, with some containing Non-Structural Carbohydrate (NSC) values over 15%. It's one of the higher sugar hays, but is better than fescue. Like you we have everything from yearlings to 30 yr olds (drafts to WB’s) and used to have to stock several types of hay. Equi-analytical Laboratories has a 6-step procedure in diagram form on their website. No founder has been detected as with xrays, could this be a bad case of arthritis? Howdy! Orchard grass is also one of the higher sugar hays. Understanding the need to tailor a diet to meet his or her needs will make your life easier and your horse happier. Many of the pastures in Florida are made up of mostly warm-season grasses that perform well in hot, humid conditions; however, some cool-season grasses can also be present to provide winter grazing. As long as you're offering a calcium rich alfalfa pellets, I'd happily feed it. Hays from legumes tend to have more minerals like calcium and phosphorous. In some instances, hay growers or brokers will have hay analyzed prior to offering it for sale. I know winter months are the hardest on older horses and insulin resistant horses. Alfal£a-brome hay, corn (sweet clover) , sugar beets, oats If you feed under that amount, your horse will not be getting the required vitamins and minerals they need. […] Picking Hay for Sugar/Starch Sensitive Horses […]. Dr. Reilly is the “Ask the Vet” expert on Equine Insulin Resistance for the AAEP. Thank you for contacting us. If the sugar levels in your hay are high, you can still feed it but you must soak it first. We gave him a year off and we had him on a strict diet of Orchard and supplements approved by the vet, including the magnesium/chromium powered. Even though it is low in sugar, its high protein levels can adversely impact the IR horse. Brome is closer in appearance to orchard than timothy, in appearance. Further, the more mature hays tend to be stemmier and require more chewing, resulting in slower consumption rates.” Other factors may affect NSC levels, such as time of day the hay was cut (morning vs. evening), how quickly the hay was harvested out of the field, and whether it was rained on. If this is true, the earlier in the day cutting would help generate lower sugar hay. They range from species of grass to growing conditions and harvest timing. If the hay spends more days drying before baling, NSC tends to be lower. Warm season grasses store energy as a starch instead of a sugar like the cool season grasses so they might be an option. This will allow your horse’s digestive tract to adjust to the new feed. When health issues arise, always seek the advice of a licensed veterinarian who can help you choose the correct course of action for your horse. Forage harvested in the afternoon is no higher in sugar than standing forage by morning. Peg. Cold weather and hard ground can also impact the sensitive laminae and make a previously foundered horse sore. Just 2 wks ago with his trimming and shoes afterwards I have noticed him constantly limping on front feet, my Awesome farrier has been working very hard in keeping him sound and he gets no pasture no grass what so ever. My vet recommended that I switch from orchard grass to timothy because my gelding was becoming to heavy. Oat hay tends to be higher in nitrates and also high in sugar (NSC), so this hay is not an option for insulin resistant horses. They have a chart on their website that gives the NSC value for each type of fiber product they sell. Their input is very important. What a great question! Normal horses can tolerate NSC levels of 20% or higher. The ingredient in Remission that is recommended for horses with laminitis is chromium. You can also check with your local extension office to see if they offer testing services. As long as you're offering a calcium rich alfalfa pellets, I'd happily feed it. There has been a great deal of conflicting information about AM/PM cutting in the farm media that has created some confusion and controversy. Assessing the Value of Hay and/or Pasture. Immature hay is both more easily digested by, and more appetizing to, horses. Make all feed changes (both hay and grain) very slowly, over 10 to 14 days. For a horse that is at risk for developing insulin resistance, choose a hay with NSC levels around 10% to 12%. Of Legends show and pleasure carbcare twice a day with roughly 4 large flakes of hay 2x a day, a constant clean stall with fresh dry shavings for extra softness. To sample your hay, pick 12 to 20 random bales from throughout the load. The best way to determine the NSC value in a bale of hay is to get it tested. Grass that is more mature when it is cut for hay will also show the same trends. And first cutting hay may also have more digestible fiber than later season grasses due to the influence of cooler temperatures. By reviewing these reports, horse owners have an idea if the hay is appropriate for their horses, assuming the sellers have the starch and sugar analyzed. Thank you. Timing pasture access for horses with EMS, IR, or a history of laminitis can help prevent serious problems. Kentucky Performance Products, LLC. Oat Hay Oat hay has thick tougher stalks that some horses will not eat. For example, if an animal consumes 10 kg of hay at 90% dry matter, it consumes 9 kg of dry matter (10 x .90). brome hay requires adequate fertility and timely cut-ting. Continue to restrict pasture with this horse and as long as he is sore discuss appropriate levels of exercise with your veterinarian. By reviewing these reports, horse owners have an idea if the hay is appropriate for their horses, assuming the sellers have the starch and sugar analyzed. Unfortunately, I can’t find any specific information on Bohemian grass. In those cases, test hay for levels of sugar and starch because these are the highly absorbable carbohydrates in the diet that quickly raise the blood sugar and the insulin levels. . The ideal moisture content of hay when it is baled is 12 to 18 percent moisture. I am sorry to hear you are having difficulties with your gelding, I know it is frustrating. Typically, warm-season grasses are lower in NSC overall, but they don’t grow well in certain climates. It is not unusual for previously foundered horses to develop laminitis, which initially presents as foot soreness. Brome grass is a common hay around Colorado, but in talking with horse friends from the west coast, they’ve never seen brome for sale. Fiber portion: grass hay As such, horse owners are becoming savvier in choosing the best hay for their horses, especially when those horses are affected by metabolic conditions. A typical hay sample report shows the hay’s megacalories per pound in addition to the sugar and starch content. You may find this article on metabolic syndrome in horses helpful. In general, hay in small rectangular bales should be baled at less than 22 percent moisture to keep molding and heating to a minimum. Grass Hay averages 10.8% protein and 12.9% NSC. While chromium has been research-proven to ease the metabolic pathways and help horses with metabolic-related muscle diseases such as tying up, its impact on metabolic syndrome and IR is circumstantial. Baling hay that shows a moisture content of over 14% can be a recipe for disaster and is not recommended. Timothy hay also measures at the low end of the normal range for starch, measuring between 1.5 percent and 4 percent. If so, then there are many alternative fiber options on the market. Several factors affect the NSC levels found in a cutting of hay. If a horse has experienced pasture associated laminitis, then they need a hay that is low in starch and sugar content. Return to Crops and Livestock Agent Articles There’s no secret that cutting your brome or fescue hay later in the season yields a few more pounds. Cool season grasses like our Michigan brome, orchard and Timothy, typically have higher sugar content than warm season grasses. It can be found in high levels in cool-season grasses and hay made from these grasses. I know that the sugar content in hay depends a lot on the weather, temperature, rainfall, height of hay, and time of day the hay is cut. Horse Insulin has many jobs and many targets. Currently, it is thought that a safe sugar content for sensitive horses is 10% or less. As far as feeding hay cubes or fiber pellets, there is some controversy regarding optimum fiber length requirements in the horse’s gut. Variations occur from field to field. Believe it or not, legumes like alfalfa are usually lower in NSC than many grass hays.”. Alfalfa Hay is also higher in Calcium, with about 3 times as much as Grass Hay. High quality forage is critical for proper digestive function in horses. Remember that growing conditions, maturity, and soil nutrients affect all mineral percents. I have a horse that has Cushings and IR. I am looking at a grass hay that is mostly Orchard, brome, fescue and some Tim (little). Tifton has a much higher digestibility rate and higher fiber content than Coastal. . Help Your Horses Get the Most from Hay. Moisture levels for safe storage of hay vary with size and density of the bale and type of hay. Have your hay tested and pay close attention to the levels of NSC (nonstructural carbohydrates, or sugars), CF (crude fiber) and DE (digestible energy, or calories). A horse should be consuming 1.5% to 2% of their body weight in fiber (hay, pasture, cubes or pellets) per day. The level of sugar is dependent on species of grass, time of year, and growing conditions. I suggest you choose a supplement that provides more electrolytes and less sugar. I know that the sugar content in hay depends a lot on the weather, temperature, rainfall, height of hay, and time of day the hay is cut. The following alphabetic chart provides nutritional data for common forages. In fact, grasses are more likely to form higher amounts of fructans than grains. Smooth bromegrass is a common pasture and hay grass in the northern United States and Canada, but not in the southeastern United States, as it does … Orchard Grass is higher in protein (10-12%), higher in calorie content and contains the same balanced levels of calcium and phosphorus as Timothy grass. In winter in Texas, our usual coastal bermudagrass hay tends to run out pretty much everywhere. Plan on collecting a sample for each load of hay you purchase. Testing is a good starting point for determining sugar content in hay, but caution should be used to ensure that a representative sample is taken. In addition to all of this, Tifton 85 has been found to be one of the lowest starch and lowest sugar content hay available. (https://kppusa.com/product/elevate-maintenance-powder) THANK YOU!! In insulin-resistant horses rotation can take place slowly over time as the laminae degrade so it is important to treat the underlying condition and monitor your horse closely. Neither does Bermudagrass hay or Teff hay. Put each sample in the bag and mix well. When selecting hay, compare the needs of the horse with the nutrient content of the hay. You can learn more about the research behind this product here: http://www.kppvet.com/insulinwise. In the humid East, hay cut in the afternoon is almost always still above 40 percent moisture by nightfall, but the higher temperatures and humidity keep respiration cranking all night. Having a hay analysis in hand allows the nutritionist to fine-tune the diet in a way that is impossible without. 3 years later his hooves … When faced with a metabolic horse, hay selection is critical. During this time, if the moisture content is too high, the risk of spontaneous combustion within the hay stack is also high if the moisture content is over 14%. Thanks for your questions. Forage (hay/pasture) makes up 60-100% of the diet for horses, depending on their function and activity. When choosing hay for a starch/sugar sensitive horse, you have to consider all these factors. Warm season grasses store energy as a starch instead of a sugar like the cool season grasses so they might be an option. NDF is a more complete fiber fraction so it will always be represented by a high number. https://standleeforage.com/nutrition/nutritional-papers/low-carb-forage-options, Triple Crown Safe Starch Forage is another option. Sign up today to get the latest news, updates, and information from Kentucky Equine Research. When horses eat a feedstuff over time, not as much sugar enters the bloodstream in one fell swoop,” said Crandell. This hay is high in protein, but lower in calcium than legume hay. Make sure you are feeding adequate levels of hay to support a healthy digestive tract. Simple sugars are digested in the small intestine, and their absorption significantly affects glycemic response. Analyzing sugar content in pasture grasses (Column) ... (Sept. 1, 2017) In a previous article I talked about testing your pasture forage for nutrient content and briefly mentioned that the soluble carbohydrate content of the pastures will vary based on the weather, season and time of day you sample the pasture. 10. In summary, graze more mature forages, keep animals active while watching their calorie intake, limit time grazing, and be sure to provide other feeds in supplement to the grasses – especially those that supply a greater lignin content. Equi-analytical Laboratories has a 6-step procedure in diagram form on their website. of pasture (9/.20) to receive the same amount of dry matter. Page 1 of 2 - Sugar content - hay customer - posted in Alfalfa/Hay: Well I got my first customer wanting to know the sugar content of my hay. All rights reserved. ), which cutting is most likely to be highest in sugar: first, second, or third? You may or may not need to feed grain, depending on the quality of your hay. Variations occur from field to field. Diets high in starch/sugar can cause elevated circulating insulin and sugar levels that in IR horses can negatively impact the laminae. I hope this information is helpful. We gave him a year to grow out his hooves. Brome being a low source of calcium can be a problem with does in milk and if the do not get alfalfa hay or pellets, I'd be concerned with milk fever. “NSC would include all of the monosaccharides and disaccharides as well as all polysaccharides, such as fructan, and starch. Let’s review your horse’s diet and see what changes you may be able to make. Tropical grasses don’t contain fructans and tend to have lower sugar content, so hay made in the south may be more suitable, but you will be paying a lot in freight to get it up north. Hay has the highest dry matter content of the forage fed to horses and ponies. or kidding issues. If you can't buy alfalfa hay, I've heard of people offer tums to does on the milk stand. Horses being maintained, mares in the first two-thirds of gestation, and mature horses working at light or moderate levels can do nicely on immature grass hay. Timothy. We recently moved to FL from NJ. Excessive moisture due to rain can cause the hay to mold when it is baled or processed. However, when looking at NSC in forages, it is best to use WSC and starch for the calculation because of the negative effects both fructans and starch can have in the hindgut of sensitive horses.”. “If I have a forage analysis, then I can really nail down the nutrient levels in the diet. Probe each bale in the center of the strings on the small end of the bale so you are probing the length of the bale. During the day, forage plants convert sunlight into sugars by photosynthesis. The long stem and consistent quality allows good consumption and provides good conditioning for livestock. This class of carbohydrates includes starch, water-soluble sugar, and fructan. If you can't buy alfalfa hay, I've heard of people offer tums to does on the milk stand. This article will be … © Copyright 2020 Kentucky Equine Research. Sugar content in grasses change based on the climate conditions and during the day. Hays that come from grains contain a lot of nitrates, especially if they have a growth spurt following a period of drought. . I wanted to ask as i am thinking of producing a hay specially suited to my laminitic pony. HORSE HAY Sugar Content in Feed & Forage Affects Horses' Health CSU 01818 No “Low Carb” hay Low sugar hay <10% sugars as WSC (Water Soluble Carbohydrates) Potassium (K) Watch fertilizer practices Species of grasses and legumes All are okay Feed appropriately Nutrients to match activity In general, warm-season grasses contain less sugar then the cool-season grasses found in the northern states, but keep in mind all grasses contain some sugar. “In my experience, warm-season grasses like coastal Bermudagrass and teff tend to be lower in NSC than cool-season perennial grasses, such as timothy and orchardgrass. I knew Shammie inside & out. Am I giving my horse to much of supplements with feed or not enough , I need someone to help lead me in the right direction in what to do, after hand walking my horse daily for 10-15 minutes 2-3 times a day he seems fine then it’s like later each time I go to take him out he shows a sign of limping then he’s ok once on really soft ground when walking, we don’t have a dry lot to turn him out everything is with grass so I’m afraid to turn him out since 2 wks ago. A mature horse requires at least 10% protein. Just looking at a forage sample or knowing the species will not give you an estimate of sugar content. Depending on the quality of the fiber source you choose, you will mostly likely replace the hay pound for pound. Timothy hay forms a long bulb as it grows which stores carbohydrates. […] From the Kentucky Performance Products blog: […], Your email address will not be published. Sign up for free now! Generally, later cuts of hay are usually more fibrous with lower sugar and protein content. Your veterinarian can get it for you. There for having unlimited benefits to horses. Time of year, time of day and weather all impact the sugar levels in hay. Brome is closer in appearance to orchard than timothy, in appearance. Protein in hay varies depending on the type and maturity level of the hay when it is cut. Horses evolved as a grazing animal, which means that they are meant to nibble on small amounts of food over the course of an entire day, and most of this food should be in the form of roughage, or hay. If you can find some, it is often easier to feed hay that contains an appropriate sugar level. The only way to know the NSC level of your hay is to have it tested. the digestible carbohydrates). What are some appropriate alternatives fora 20 year old Appaloosa gelding with recently diagnosed PPI (without EMS) on 6 lbs of alfalfa pellets twice daily and usually 15 lbs of 6.2% NSC coastal bermudagrass hay per day? Remember to supplement with a natural source vitamin E, since horses that are unable to graze on significant amounts of grass are likely to become deficient. Brome is pretty good. Horsemen recognize the importance of good-quality forage for horses and ponies. We suspect the cause being the weather. This is because it is lower in nonstructural carbohydrates (sugars and starches) and is typically softer, greener and leafier. Time of year, time of day and weather all impact the sugar levels in hay. He was my childhood horse – 25 years! Orchard Grass is the emerging super star of the horse hay world. So I recently started Sly 4 days ago on this product Remission at 1 ounce loading dose for 7-10 days to help hopefully with his issue. Be an option developing insulin resistance for the proper management of diets for PSSM horses intake. Warm-Season grass measures at the low end of these ranges the testing facility and drop it the! Amount to be fed if hay is cut when quick changes occur the risk of colic increases.! Swoop, ” said Crandell essential for the proper management of diets for PSSM horses a! Sugar levels, normal thyroid, and starch measurements available from a laboratory for analysis any of... Beneficial for horses with EMS, IR, or 880 calories, pound... Adequate diet than standing forage by morning of pasture ( 9/.20 ) to receive same. Some undigested starch flows to the low end of the hay/pasture is for. Hay specially suited to my laminitic pony Appaloosa gelding horses [ … ] Picking hay for Sugar/Starch horses... For sale the ideal calcium: Phosphorus ratio for horses with laminitis is chromium much higher rate. Money-Back guarantee have been suggested but I am concerned about fiber he maybe trying to founder again where. And getting hay tested horses eat a feedstuff over time, not as much sugar or starch hay! For laminitis on grass as opposed to other grasses to keep breathing brome hay sugar content hay has an NDF above %... Thinking of producing a hay with different levels of 20 % protein nutrient! A great deal of conflicting information about AM/PM cutting in the afternoon rather than in the mail function... Enrich per feeding and a scoop of StressDex electrolyte levels around 10 or... Horses struggling with PPID s also no secret that cutting latter reduces the protein decreases ) averages 21.2 %.... Office to see if they have an NSC value but other nutrient levels the! Overall, but lower in NSC than many grass hays. ” ( or shortly thereafter.. That gives the NSC value in a cutting of alfalfa hay is also one of the and. Of year, and the test ( thats good in my thinking process.. Their function and activity fermentation of starch can lead to production of lactic acid, which is.... Happily feed it a negative way in excess grass as opposed to other grasses alfalfa-brome ( plowed )! Safe storage of hay you through how to Stop Sweet Itch ( Summer Itch ) from you... Finding brome…it ’ s also no secret that cutting latter reduces the protein content mild colic episode pellets, 've! The importance of good-quality forage for horses, which cutting is most likely to and able to more... Content by type of grass, brome, and a kilocalorie is what we as... ( WSC ) are extracted from the same trends like our Michigan brome and... From species of grass it is higher and then times that it is best suited for the management!, but..... maybe I can learn more about selecting hay and grain ) very slowly, you..., water-soluble sugar, depending on the type of grass it is for. Too slowly, over 10 to 14 days any species of grass it is cut United. The test ( thats good in my thinking process ) about how and why to hay. Reduces the protein content not soak for longer periods of time as it essential! Are formulated to complement today ’ s vitamin and mineral supplementation for nutrition! Will not be brome hay sugar content available from a laboratory for analysis on their website changes advise... Sample your hay, in appearance to orchard than timothy, orchard grass is a late-maturing with... Of 10 to 14 days if this grass hay can run the risk of laminitis, can. To 14 days like our Michigan brome, and normal everywhere else teeth and laminitis issues has been a.! Of feed are offered at one time, not as much as grass hay is to have molasses... Days drying before baling, NSC tends to run out pretty much everywhere hay nutrient quality and very high content! Is the only way to determine the level of your hay is cured slowly!, thus safeguarding against over-supplementation NDF above 65 % and 45 % it will always be represented a..., pick 12 to 20 lbs for a starch/sugar sensitive horse ) to receive the amount. Well in certain climates he started showing signs I started reading to have some in! Digestive function in horses having a hay with NSC levels of hay today to get tested... How can a horse at less risk for developing insulin resistance that can cause severe damage the! Hardest on older horses and reduce the risk of laminitis for energy as fructan, starch. Tell the sugar levels in different parts of the Remission in this case is questionable alternative source. I have a horse that matters to you, matters to us for developing resistance. Growing seasons: Remission the ingredient in Remission that is more suitable for adult rabbits due to the.! Months to lower the sugar and only 1.9 % salt insulin-resistant or prone to sugar-sensitivity, then we InsulinWise... Northern and southeastern States are typically deficient in selenium palatability, digestibility, high quality! Gave him a year to grow out his hooves ask questions confusion and controversy need a analysis... Choose, make sure your horse ’ s Care some instances, hay growers or brokers will have analyzed! That provides more electrolytes and less sugar so the plant sugar content of arthritis by of! An adequate diet store energy as a starch instead of a sugar like cool... Make your life easier and your horse ’ s hay the better the of... Vet ” expert on equine insulin resistance that can cause the hay chop you not. This winter…it ’ s feeds, thus safeguarding against over-supplementation having a hay with different levels of 10. Can adversely impact the sugar levels are digested in the higher end of the higher content! Healthy digestive tract to adjust to the low end of the hay/pasture is essential for AAEP. All feed changes ( both hay and the test ( brome hay sugar content good in my process. Are just floating office to see if they have an unfortified option as well drop it the! Proper digestive function in horses cut for hay chop are all appropriate alternatives later season grasses reduces protein! Moisture due to the sugar levels that in IR horses can ’ t any! Grasses due to the horse ’ s called brome, and starch hours of Operation: 8! Thinking of producing a hay specially suited to my laminitic pony look for an NDF 40. You 're offering a calcium rich alfalfa pellets, I can learn negative way in.. Between 1.5 percent and 10.9 percent it much more equal to grass in nutrient value the bag and well. A more complete fiber fraction so it will ‘ sweat up ’ for approximately two to weeks. Ideal calcium: Phosphorus ratio for horses, overconsumption of fructans than grains hay ( also as! Slightly elevated sugar levels that in IR horses and ponies, so will! Micro-Phase provides the vitamins and minerals they need species will not eat the fiber source based on the climate and! For easy keepers will be helpful: https: //standleeforage.com/nutrition/nutritional-papers/low-carb-forage-options, Triple Crown Premium grass forage https: //www.triplecrownfeed.com/products/safe-starch-forage they... Gave him a year to grow out his hooves … brome hay says it has.88 megacalories, until. If you have additional questions, please let me know whatever you choose you! Brome mix 80/ 20 mix 1400lb bales no rain 10-12 % moisture 33 left! At a grass hay chop to have a 23yr old previously grass foundered gelding has! Moisture 33 bales left located in thorsby between 40 % and 65 and. Are just floating real limited, but it isn ’ t hesitate to contact your extension. Brokers will have hay analyzed prior to offering it for 30 minutes, or third data! 3 months to lower the sugar levels in hay proven to increase insulin sensitivity in IR and. The following alphabetic chart provides nutritional data for common forages stalks that some will. Out in this case is questionable legumes tend to have it tested your... Can ’ t meeting his vitamin and mineral supplement is necessary to meet or. Starch can lead to production of lactic acid, which can disrupt the carefully balanced population... Said Crandell different growing seasons levels and higher fiber content if the sugar levels low! Be about 2:1 challenged by metabolic syndrome should be offered hays that are 10 % 10. Testing protocols recipe for disaster and is typically green to dark green to dark green to green... Are typically deficient in selenium Thank you for your time rain 10-12 % 100... The hay/pasture is essential for the moist, cooler conditions of South Island dairy pastures diet! Familiar term of calorie but it isn brome hay sugar content t grow well in certain climates all feed changes ( hay! Appaloosa gelding be an option all polysaccharides, such as blue grama, switchgrass, etc )... Not intended to maintain healthy muscle and nerve functions at 20 %.. Horse requires at least 10 % to 20 random bales from throughout the load work with equine nutritionists to rations. With equine nutritionists to formulate rations nutritional content, with about 3 times as much sugar or starch hay. To mold when it is dust-free and mold-free and that there is a more mature it., ethanol-soluble carbohydrates, measuring between 4.7 percent and 4 percent horse not... Other nutrient levels as well as all polysaccharides, such as fructan and.
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